The objectives of this systematic review were to: 1) characterize mind-body medicine studies that assessed immune outcomes, 2) evaluate the quality of mind-body medicine studies measuring immune system effects, and 3) systematically evaluate the evidence for mind-body interventions effect on immune system outcomes. Data Sources: Data sources included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Cochrane Library, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Health Technology Assessment Database.
Health & Healing
People with Alzheimer disease (AD) and their caregivers compared with controls might have alterations in hypothalmo-pitutary-adrenal axis function as documented by hypercortisolemia.1–5 The cortisol changes in AD may relate to the underlying pathophysiology of the disorder, whereas in caregivers it may reflect psychologic stress. Some variability in published cortisol results is partly related to differences in methods.
Half of the adults in the United States use complementary and alternative medicine with mind–body therapy being the most commonly used form. Neurology patients often turn to their physicians for insight into the effectiveness of the therapies and resources to integrate them into their care. The objective of this article is to give a clinical overview of mind–body interventions and their applications in neurology.
Binaural beat technology (BBT) products are sold internationally as personal development and health improvement tools. Producers suggest benefit from regular listening to binaural beats including reduced stress and anxiety, and increased focus, concentration, motivation, confidence, and depth in meditation. Binaural beats are auditory brainstem responses that originate in the superior olivary nucleus as a result of different frequency auditory stimuli provided to each ear.
Objectives: When two auditory stimuli of different frequency are presented to each ear, binaural beats are perceived by the listener. The binaural beat frequency is equal to the difference between the frequencies applied to each ear. Our primary objective was to assess whether steady-state entrainment of electroencephalographic activity to the binaural beat occurs when exposed to a specific binaural beat frequency as has been hypothesized. Our secondary objective was to gather preliminary data on neuropsychologic and physiologic effects of binaural beat technology.
In this segment, Marilyn and Lee discuss the broken health care system and the increased public interest in more integrated care. Lee explains the drawbacks from a business perspective, but indicates the cost of preventative care outweighs the expense of costly procedures such as by-pass surgery. As the baby-boomers age the investment to develop, staff and provide space for integrative care becomes cost effective.
Lee Lipsenthal, MD, talks with Marilyn Schlitz in this segment about social interactions and group support positively effecting health. Lee discusses research and statistics that indicate interpersonal connection at a level of vulnerability can have an effect on the healing process from heart disease, blood pressure and depression. The quality of interaction rather than the quantity of interactions is important. Social isolation from deep meaningful conversations at least once a day at work or at home can have a detrimental effect on your health.
In this segment Marilyn and Lee discuss the challenges new medical students face learning alternative healing modalities in addition to their required allopathic curriculum. However, the increased interest and proven benefits of mind-body healing methods indicate a clear move in the direction of more integrated healing practices.
In this first section, IONS Board Member Lee Lipsenthal talks with IONS President Marilyn Mandala Schlitz about changes in allopathic health care and the wider acceptance of meditation, yoga, and consciousness in healing practices. They discuss research indicating patient's increased willingness to follow doctor's instructions when the patient feels the physician is really present with them.