Health & Healing

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Mind-Body Medicine and Immune System Outcomes

The objectives of this systematic review were to: 1) characterize mind-body medicine studies that assessed immune outcomes, 2) evaluate the quality of mind-body medicine studies measuring immune system effects, and 3) systematically evaluate the evidence for mind-body interventions effect on immune system outcomes. Data Sources: Data sources included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Alt HealthWatch, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Cochrane Library, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Health Technology Assessment Database.

Salivary Cortisol Awakening Response in Mild Alzheimer Disease, Caregivers, and Noncaregivers

People with Alzheimer disease (AD) and their caregivers compared with controls might have alterations in hypothalmo-pitutary-adrenal axis function as documented by hypercortisolemia.1–5 The cortisol changes in AD may relate to the underlying pathophysiology of the disorder, whereas in caregivers it may reflect psychologic stress. Some variability in published cortisol results is partly related to differences in methods.

Mind–body interventions: Applications in neurology

Half of the adults in the United States use complementary and alternative medicine with mind–body therapy being the most commonly used form. Neurology patients often turn to their physicians for insight into the effectiveness of the therapies and resources to integrate them into their care. The objective of this article is to give a clinical overview of mind–body interventions and their applications in neurology.

Binaural Beat Technology in Humans

Binaural beat technology (BBT) products are sold internationally as personal development and health improvement tools. Producers suggest benefit from regular listening to binaural beats including reduced stress and anxiety, and increased focus, concentration, motivation, confidence, and depth in meditation. Binaural beats are auditory brainstem responses that originate in the superior olivary nucleus as a result of different frequency auditory stimuli provided to each ear.

Binaural Beat Technology in Humans

Objectives: When two auditory stimuli of different frequency are presented to each ear, binaural beats are perceived by the listener. The binaural beat frequency is equal to the difference between the frequencies applied to each ear. Our primary objective was to assess whether steady-state entrainment of electroencephalographic activity to the binaural beat occurs when exposed to a specific binaural beat frequency as has been hypothesized. Our secondary objective was to gather preliminary data on neuropsychologic and physiologic effects of binaural beat technology.

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